Main Components of Fitness for Basketball

* Strength – the extent to which muscles can exert force by contracting against resistance (e.g. holding or restraining an object or person)

* Power – the ability to exert maximum muscular contraction instantly in an explosive burst of movements (e.g. jumping or a sprint start)

* Agility – the ability to perform a series of explosive power movements in rapid succession in opposing directions (e.g. ZigZag running or cutting movements)

* Balance – the ability to control the body’s position, either stationary (e.g. a handstand) or while moving (e.g. a gymnastics stunt)

* Flexibility – the ability to achieve an extended range of motion without being impeded by excess tissue, i.e. fat or muscle (e.g. executing a leg split)

* Local Muscle Endurance – a single muscle’s ability to perform sustained work (e.g. rowing or cycling)

* Cardiovascular Endurance – the heart’s ability to deliver blood to working muscles and their ability to use it (e.g. running long distances)

* Strength Endurance – a muscle’s ability to perform a maximum contraction time after time (e.g. continuous explosive rebounding through an entire basketball game)

* Co-ordination- the ability to integrate the above listed components so that effective movements are achieved.